If you are familiar with Cisco UCS servers, you may be already familiar with CIMC upgrade procedure. If not this post may help you to upgrade CIMC of your Cisco 8540/5520 WLCs.
What is CIMC ?
The Cisco Integrated Management Controller (CIMC) is the management service for the C-Series servers. CIMC runs within the serve.
CIMC is a separate management module that is built into the motherboard. CIMC has its own ARM-based processor which runs the CIMC software. It is shipped with a running version of the firmware. Users can update CIMC firmware through the Firmware Update Management page. You need not worry about installing the initial CIMC firmware.
Why do you require a CIMC upgrade ?
If you read these security advisories on CIMC, you understand why it is require to upgrade CIMC of those C series servers.
Specific to WLC, there are few critical bugs fixed in later version of CIMC. So it is a good idea to keep your WLC’s CIMC upgraded
CSCvo33873 Symptom: After a wireless LAN controller reloads, no access points are able to join. SSH and HTTPS connections to the controller fail. If you access the WLC via the console, and issue the command "show certificate all" - no certificates are seen. Conditions: 5520 or 8540 WLC that has just reloaded. The WLC was manufactured after 9-Sep-2015 (when a manufacturing change that was supposed to have fixed this problem was implemented.) The WLC has 8.2MR2, 8.3 or above installed (which contains the CSCuy67885 fix, that was supposed to have fixed the problem.) The WLC does NOT however have CIMC HUU 3.0.4d (or above) installed. Workaround: Connect CIMC. Enable CIMC connectivity on the controller, using "imm" commands. Browse to the CIMC interface. Find the FlexFlash, and manually enable HyperVisor in the "Enable/Disable Virtual Disk(s)" action. See: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/wireless/controller/technotes/troubleshooting/trb-guide-wlc-5520-8540.html#pgfId-1309804 Then perform a full HUU install of CIMC 3.0.4d (or whatever the latest supported CIMC is, for the 5520/8540.)
Cisco 8540 and 5520 series controllers are based on Cisco UCS C series servers. Specifically Cisco 8540 is C240M4 series and Cisco 5520 controller is C220M4 hardware. It is recommended to use UCS Host Upgrade Utility (HUU) for this work. You can download that firmware from Cisco download page. Since this post based on standalone 8540 (not SSO) controller, I downloaded ucs-c240m4-huu-4.0.2h.iso which is the latest. (for 5520, you require ucs-c220m4-huu-4.0.2h.iso image)
You should have your WLC CIMC port connected to network with IP address configured on that interface. CIMC is the first port (see below, note it is 5520 WLC in this photo) of 4 ports available.
You can use “imm summary” CLI command to verify CIMC interface IP address configuration.
(8540-WLC) >imm summary This will take some time... Please be patient! User ID.......................................... admin DHCP............................................. Enabled IP Address....................................... x.x.32.100 Subnet Mask...................................... 255.255.254.0 Gateway.......................................... x.x.33.250
If it is not configured you can configure it statically or let it get IP via DHCP
(8540-WLC) >imm ? address IMM Static IP configuration dhcp Enable | Disable | Fallback DHCP. restart Saves settings and Restarts IMM Module. summary Displays IMM Parameters. username Configures Login Username for IMM. (8540-WLC) >imm address x.x.32.100 255.255.254.0 x.x.33.250 (8540-WLC) >imm username admin password <cimc_password>
You can access CIMC interface IP using https:
You can “Launch KVM Console” to open it. Make sure you security setting allow it if you using Mac OS
You have to simply follow instruction and keep continue until you get KVM console page.
You can go to “Virtual Media -> Activate Virtual Devices” as shown below
Once you activate Virtual Devices, you can map ISO image to CD/DVD
Note: Image below shows c220M4 (when I capture screenshot incorrectly select that image 🙂 ) , you should select c240m4 iso image for 8540
Then you can go to “Power” options and click “reset system” or “Power Cycle System”
Once server is booting up, You should hit F6 to change boot options. We need server to boot from KVM mapped DVD.
This will allow you to select boot from KVM map DVD image.
You will see it is boot with HUU image and prompt you to agree (be patience, it will take time)
It will take 15-20 min to copy all required files and prompt you the update options. You should go with update All unless you specifically want one component upgrade.
Each component will be upgraded and it will take 30-45 min to finish these component upgrade process.
Once upgrade finished, you can exist from that window and power cycle
It will take 15-20min to server to properly boot after CIMC upgrade. So overall you will have little more than 1hr outage while this work completed. Make sure you take necessary outage window arranged, if you do this upgrade to production 8540/5520 WLCs
You can also use “show imm chassis <>” command to verify those upgraded BIOS information
(8540-WLC) >show imm chassis ? bios Fetch Chassis BIOS information current Fetch Chassis Current information fan Fetch Chassis FAN information fan-profile Fetch Chassis FAN power profile mac Fetch Chassis MAC information memory Fetch Chassis Memory information power-supply Fetch Chassis Power Supply information sol-info Fetch Serial Over Lan information temperature Fetch Chassis Temperature information (8540-WLC) >show imm chassis bios BIOS Information Vendor: Cisco Systems, Inc. Version: C240M188.8.131.52d.0.0627191030 Release Date: 06/27/2019
I have to do this upgrade on 8540-HA pair 5520-HA pair soon. I will post the process once I do that task.
Update – 25 Apr 2020
There is a high severity vulnerability published that could impact these servers. So it is recommended to upgrade the CIMC version to 4.1(1f) to address this vulnerability.
You can check your SSD power-on hours using CIMC GUI (Storage -> Physical Driver Info) as shown below. Here is one of 8540 WLC info, You can see it got 38888 power-on hours and product ID listed as Samsung.
By information published (see below post responses), it looks like SanDisk SSD having this issue not other vendor SSD.
So these WLCs may not have that issue. Anyway for other vulnerabilities fixed in 4.1.1f (refer this release note for more detail) still may worth upgrading your WLC CIMC.